A report led by Volterra associate Professor Nick Bosanquet was recently published and featured in the Primary Care Respiratory Journal. The research paper reviews and compares methods currently employed in the research and treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a number of target regions and countries. The paper reviews the evidence on programme development and the effectiveness gap between health outcomes in the UK, France, Germany, and Finland. The results show the need for more specific programmes in primary care in order to close this effectiveness gap. Such a programme should aim to target and prevent the downward spiral for high–risk patients. Read the report here.